Provide Capabilities for More Accurate Predictions of Solar Output

One of HAO’s key activities is to develop an understanding of solar phenomena to the point where forecast skill and predictive capability can be realized. We study how a broad range of these phenomena—from electromagnetic radiation that is continuously emitted by the Sun, to the energetic particles in the solar wind, and the large eruptive events like flares and CMEs—impact the Earth. Understanding the state of the solar and terrestrial atmospheres will ultimately allow us to forecast how these “space weather” phenomena impact the Earth and how the Earth responds on scales of minutes to centuries.