Observational Facilities and Data Services

Observations and observationally driven science are central to the vision and mission of the High Altitude Observatory, as is the delivery and utility of products from those observations. To this end, HAO maintains the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (MLSO) on Hawaii and a network of Fabry-Perot Interferometers (FPI), which provide daily information on the state of the solar atmosphere and Earth’s upper atmosphere, respectively. Scientists at HAO, along with colleagues at the University of Hawaii, the University of Michigan, George Mason University and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, plan to build the Coronal Solar Magnetism Observatory (COSMO). The goals of this activity are to understand the physical processes that cause space weather and to develop the ability to predict the occurrence and severity of solar storms. In addition, HAO and ACOM labs are collaborating on a project to measure the corona during the 2017 eclipse. Over the last year they have been developing a Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS) to measure the infrared emission from the corona at 2–12 microns.